Genetic Disorders

Genetic Disorders2024-01-31T14:58:05+00:00

Get information about genetic conditions, find resources, access genetic screening, and more

Genetic disorders occur when one or both copies of a gene have undergone a change, or mutation. Because of the common ancestry that many Jews share, some conditions appear in the Jewish population more frequently than in the general population. Many Jewish genetic disorders are passed down in an autosomal recessive fashion, which means they can hide in families until two carriers have a child with the disorder. Tay-Sachs is perhaps the most well-known Jewish genetic disorder, but there are many others.

We’re here to help. The Norton & Elaine Sarnoff Center for Jewish Genetics has information to answer your general questions about genetics, Jewish genetic disorders (including those more common among Ashkenazi and Sephardic Jews), carrier screening, and how Jewish law and ethics relate to genetic health.

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Genetic Disorders Included on Our Screening Panel

Our screening panel tests for 226 recessive conditions, including over 100 conditions more common among people with Ashkenazi and Sephardic Jewish ancestry. Our panel also includes an additional 12 X-linked conditions for women, including Fragile X syndrome. You can learn more about each of the conditions on the panel by browsing or searching the database below. If you have any questions, you can learn more about our carrier screening program or contact us at or 312-357-4718 to speak to a genetic counselor. (Please note: this database is a work in progress and you might not find all conditions at this time.)

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Get Screened

Planning for a family? Our affordable, accessible carrier screening program allows most participants to get screened from home.

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Jewish Genetic Disorders FAQs

Learn more about genetics and specific Jewish genetic recessive disorders—including those more common among Ashkenazi and Sephardic Jews.

Get rabbinical perspective on genetic screening.

What does Judaism teach about the ethical questions around Jewish genetic screening and other related medical interventions?

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